The drug has a mild hypnotic effect, in particular, facilitates falling asleep, increases the duration of sleep, and also leads to a decrease in the number of nocturnal awakenings. The mechanism of hypnotism of alprazolam is based on its ability to depress the cells of the reticular formation in the brainstem, and also to reduce the effects of vegetative, motor and emotional stimuli that negatively affect the process of falling asleep. When taking Alprazolam in patients, the symptoms of anxiety and fear decrease, as well as a decrease in emotional tension. Alprazolam has practically no effect on the cardiovascular and respiratory system in healthy patients.
Alprazolam is used to treat patients with neurotic and neurosis-like disorders, which are accompanied by a sense of anxiety and anxiety. Alprazolam may be prescribed to patients with reactive depressive conditions, including those developed against a background of somatic diseases. Alprazolam can be used to treat patients with panic disorders, insomnia and withdrawal syndrome (including alcohol and narcotic withdrawal syndrome).
Alprazolam is not prescribed to patients who have a history of hypersensitivity reactions to the active or additional components of the drug. Alprazolam tablets are not prescribed for patients with lactose intolerance. Alprazolam is not used for the therapy of patients with respiratory failure, expressed renal and hepatic impairment, myasthenia gravis, acute attack of glaucoma, and acute alcohol poisoning, psychotropic, narcotic or hypnotic drugs.
Dosing and Administration
Alprazolam is intended for oral administration. The drug Alprazolam is taken regardless of food intake. As a rule, it is recommended to divide the daily dose by 2-3 doses. The duration of therapy and doses of alprazolam are determined individually. When choosing a dose, you should carefully monitor the patient’s condition, tolerability of alprazolam and, taking into account the effect achieved, adjust the dose. Adults with panic disorders and depressive states are usually prescribed alprazolam at an initial dose of 0.1-0.2 mg twice or thrice a day. If necessary, 1-2 weeks after the start of therapy, the dose of alprazolam is gradually increased (it is recommended to start increasing the dose from the evening reception, after which increase the morning dose). The recommended therapeutic dose is 3-6 mg of alprazolam per day.